The Basics of Composting

The composting technique needs optimum levels of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and water. The feedstock components that are being converted into compost must be put together perfectly into the best possible ratio of carbon and nitrogen (C:N ratio). The composting method should be aerobic. The particle size of these elements must let for a good mixture and keep good air ventilation through the stack or windrow. Airflow is needed to provide oxygen to the microbes that will be effective in the compost and to discharge the carbon dioxide and other gases that are created in the decomposition approach. Water is necessary to retain the life attributes of the microorganisms in the compost. Excessive moisture will greatly reduce the circulation and the compost will stop to be aerobic.

Composting processes all those items that cannot be rejected, lessened, reused or recycled, and I have more trust in Composting than Recycling. The microorganisms in our compost bins need both carbon and nitrogen to prosper; carbon for energy and nitrogen for protein synthesis. For every one unit of nitrogen used by the bacteria they also take in about 30 units of carbon. And so to be able to keep the bacteria working successfully we need to build an ecosystem for them that are roughly 30 parts carbon to 1 part nitrogen.

So that’s all! Quite straightforward, isn’t it? But nothing beats the joy of actually making and checking out your very own compost!

Thanks for now-compost for the contribution!

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